custom embroidered polo Origin Historical Facts about Delhi
History of Delhi
History of Delhi dates back to Mahabharata times (some 5000 years ago) when Pandavas used to live here. Since then Delhi has been inhabited continuously.
Delhi has seen the rise and fall of various dynasties and empires. All of them left their impact in its culture, food, living style and all other fields.
Delhi has been destroyed and recreated 7 times. It has served as capital for Pandavas with the name Indraprastha to the modern time New Delhi as the capital of India.
Following are the origin and Historical Facts about Delhi:
Delhi during Mahabharata
In the epic Mahabharata, the name Indraprastha has been mentioned as the city, which was once bare land and was ultimately carved out as a beautiful city by the Pandavas.
Pandavas took half of their Kingdom (the rest half belonged to Kaurava) and made it into a second heaven with the help of Krishna. Indraprastha had beautiful gardens, wide streets, delightful palaces and innumerable mansions.
After Pandavas won the war against Kaurava, Arjuna (one of the 5 Pandavas) stayed in Indraprastha with Krishna.
Delhi as Quila Rai Pithora
Delhi was then ruled by Tomar clan, descendants of Arjuna. Anangpal Tomar I was the famous ruler who first established the city Delhi. He was followed by Anangpal Tomar II.
Rai Pithora or the famous Prithviraj Chauhan was the grandson of Anangpal Tomar II. He was also the last Hindu ruler who ruled on Delhi as after him city fell into the hands of Muslim rulers.
Prithviraj named it Quila Rai Pithora. His Kingdom included parts of Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab.
He defeated the first attack of Muhammad Ghoriin the First Battle of Tarain that took place in 1191. He then released Ghori.
Muhammad Ghori attacked again and this time defeated Prithviraj in the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192.
Delhi under Slave Dynasty
Ghori appointed Qutub ud din Aibak as India’s governor, who after Ghori’s death founded the Slave Dynasty.
Qutub ud din Aibak reigned over northern India from 1206 1290. He built the south west part of Delhi, known as Mehrauli. He built some monuments in Delhi like the Quwwat ul Islam mosque and started the construction of Qutub Minar. Aibak died in 1210.
Aibak was followed by Iltutmish who was also a slave and later became son in law of Aibak, He came into power in 1211 till his death in 1236. He brought changes in the administration by starting copper and silver coins and Iqtadari system. He completed the construction of Qutub Minar.
Razia Sultana followed Iltutumish as the ruler of Delhi. She was the daughter of Iltutmish and is the only female ruler who ruled over Delhi. She reigned for four years from AD 1236 1240.
Balban (Ghiyasuddin Balban) succeeded her by defeating the weak ruler that followed. He ruled for 1266 1287. He was the last powerful ruler of Slave dynasty. He was also a slave who was bought by Iltutmish. He ruled over Delhi at the age of 60. After him there came no powerful ruler and the dynasty was ended by Khiljis.
Delhi under Khilji Dynasty
Khilji Dynasty was founded by Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji. He ruled from 1290 1296. He was killed by his nephew Ala ud din Khilji.
Ali Gurshap or Ala ud din Khilji followed him as the ruler of Delhi and was the famous ruler of this dynasty. He captured many states, kingdom and region around Delhi. His south expedition was led by Malik Kafur who successfully captured many areas. He built the Siri city and Fort of Delhi. He died in 1316. His successors were weak and dynasty ended.
Delhi under Tughlaq Dynasty
Tughlaq Dynasty followed them and ruled over Delhi from 1320 to 1414.
Ghiyas ud din Tughluq formed this dynasty and ruled from 1321 1325. He built the city Tughlaqabad near Delhi. He was old and couldn’t rule long.
Muhammad bin Tughluq was his son and he ruled from 1325 1351. He was very intelligent and had knowledge in philosophy, mathematics, astronomy and physical sciences.
But he became infamous for his foolish decisions and policies. He died in 1351 and at that time Tughlaq Empire had fallen.