puritan polo shirts Chemists racing to identify synthetic opioids
The Associated Press / Drug Enforcement Administration Forensic Chemist Emily Dye prepares a control reference sample of
fentanyl at the DEA’s Special Testing and Research Laboratory in August in Sterling, Va. A novel class of deadly drugs is exploding across the country, with many manufactured in China for export globally.
WASHINGTON Emily Dye walked down the echoing white hallway and into a dim room known as vault. The evidence was wrapped in plastic. She checked it out and placed it into a steel lockbox.
New drugs were appearing every other week in the Drug Enforcement Administration Special Testing and Research Laboratory, an unmarked gray building in northern Virginia. Dye, a 27 year old DEA chemist, knew her sample could be one of them.
she said. got to figure out what this is. proliferation of rapidly evolving synthetic opioids has become so fierce that the DEA says they now constitute an entire new class of drugs, which are fueling the deadliest addiction crisis the United States has ever seen. officials say an assertion Beijing maintains has not been substantiated. Laws cannot keep pace with the speed of scientific innovation. doorstops guaranteed.
Today, it is almost as easy to order an ever shifting array of synthetic opioids online from China as it is to buy a pair of shoes.
now we seeing the emergence of a new class, that fentanyl type opioids, Dye boss, Jill Head, said.
on the structure, there can be many, many more substitutions on that molecule that we have not yet seen, Head said.
Entrepreneurial chemists have been creating designer alternatives to cannabis, amphetamine, cocaine and Ecstasy for years. But the new synthetics are far more lethal; in some cases, an amount smaller than a poppy seed can kill.
Dye has recommitted to every safety protocol she was ever taught. One, safety glasses. Two, lab coat, buttoned. Three, powder free disposable nitrile gloves. Four, face mask.
She placed an emergency naloxone injection kit an antidote for opioid overdose on her lab bench. Just in case.
Then she unwrapped the evidence and pulled out a palm sized baggie.
She scooped up a dot of powder and gingerly placed it in a small vial. As she worked, she treated the material as if it were radioactive.
After transferring a few drops of methanol into the vial, she clamped it shut and dropped it into a mass spectrometer. The machine sucked the evidence through a copper colored wire and bombarded it with electrons to break it into small pieces.
of like when you drop a puzzle, Dye said.
The resulting pattern of peaks is akin to a chemical fingerprint. Dye compared the result with the lab library of approximately 1,500 known drugs.
None matched. This was something new.
She and her colleagues ran the evidence through a nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer to map the position of different atoms. Then they guessed. They bought a sample of the compound they thought they had from a legitimate research chemical company.
On July 26, Dye ran that reference standard through the mass spectrometer.
Shanghai Xianchong Chemical Co., a trading company with a spare office in central Shanghai, was one of them. Shanghai Xianchong started fielding requests for 4 FIBF around April, said manager Jammi Gao, a clean cut man in a white polo shirt.
Gao said in an email he could sell 4 FIBF for $6,000 a kilogram, though later he denied ever brokering a deal. or China.
Back in the lab, Dye peeled off her gloves.
She didn know users were warning each other not to overdose chasing a heroin high that never kicked in with 4 FIBF.
She didn know about the dosing schedules addicts had already worked out. And she didn know that 4 FIBF gave some people satisfying, sleep through the night results when inserted up their rectum.
Dye would go home, safe, to her dog. Maybe tomorrow she would find the next new thing in an evidence bag on her bench. But elsewhere, all across America, people would not make it through the night.